Bioresources are renewable natural resources such as organic waste and naturally generated or formable raw materials resulting from human and animal activity. They are produced in vast amounts by agriculture, forestry, marine, and municipal businesses or mills. Processing and manufacturing businesses, such as oil palm mills, use these bioresource feedstocks. Their bioproducts are derived from agricultural plants and are suitable for usage as energy carriers, platform chemicals, or specialty products. Bioresource use in the form of fresh and waste biomass is both an opportunity and a challenge for the future, as it provides the opportunity to replace fossil fuels in the manufacture of energy carriers, materials, and specialty chemicals while also reducing market pressure in a carbon-neutral manner.