A biorefinery is a plant that combines biomass conversion processes to produce fuels, electricity, and chemicals. It is defined as the most efficient use of biomass for materials, chemicals, fuels, and energy applications, taking into account costs, economics, markets, yield, the environment, impact, carbon balance, and social factors. Biorefineries have the potential to partially replace petroleum refineries. Apart from this goal, another goal is to be able to sustainably valorize the entire biomass. The scope of biorefineries must include feedstock as an intrinsic element of their goals. That involves conceiving of biorefineries not just as conversion plants, but as systems that span the creation of the feedstock to the replacement of a reference product.
Title : The opportunities of biofuels in times of E-Fuel and hydrogen "hopium"
Hans Henning Judek, J E Access, Japan
Title : Effects of iron-activated waste hay-derived biochar on anaerobic digestion treating cow manure
Eunsung Kan, Texas A&M University, United States
Title : The management of slag and lead with slag in port-piri furnace
Ahmet Haxhiaj, University of Mitrovica, Republic of Kosovo
Title : Hybrid decision-making for prioritizing biofuel supply chain challenges in Norway based on AHP and DEMATEL approaches
Zahir Barahmand, University of South-Eastern, Norway
Title : Effect of temperature and loading rate on biogas production via a co-digestion of sugar wastewater and food waste
Zikhona Tshemese, Durban University of Technology, South Africa
Title : Estimation of methane generation from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) of gujranwala city (Pakistan)
Chaudhry Haider Ali, University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan